Archaeological Bibliography (Israel) L

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LaBianca Ø.S. 1984. Objectives, Procedures, and Findings of Ethnoarcheological Research in the Vicinity of Hesban in Jordan. ADAJ 28:269–287.

LaBianca Ø.S. 1990. Sedentarization and Nomadization: Food System Cycles at Hesban and Vicinity in Transjordan (Hesban I). Berrien Springs, Mich.

Lacerenza G. and Whitehouse D. 2004. Glass and Glassmaking in Byzantine Italy: The Testimony of Šabbetay Donnolo. JGS 46:109–113.

Laing L.R. 1969. Coins and Archaeology. New York.

Lamer H. 1931. Der Kalypso-Graffito in Marissa (Palästina). ZDPV 54:59–67.

Lamon R.S. 1935. The Megiddo Water System (OIP 32). Chicago.

Lamon R.S. and Shipton G.M. 1939. Megiddo I: Seasons of 1925–34. Strata I–V (OIP 42). Chicago.

Lance H.D. 1967. Gezer in the Land and in History. BA 30:34–47.

Landau Y.H. 1964. Mile-Stones near Givat Jeshayahu. Yediot 28:232–235 (Hebrew).

Landau Y.H. and Tzaferis V. 1979. Tel Istabah, Beth Shean: The Excavations and Hellenistic Jar Handles. IEJ 29:152–159.

Landgraf J. 1980. Keisan’s Byzantine Pottery. In J. Briend and J.-B. Humbert eds. Tell Keisan (1971–76): une cité phénicienne en Galilée (Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis, Series Archaeologica 1). Fribourg. Pp. 51–99.

Lane A. 1938. Medieval Finds at Al Mina in North Syria. Archaeologia 87:19–78.

Lane-Poole S. 1877. Use BMCO 3.

Lane-Poole S. 1879. Use BMCO 4.

Lane-Poole S. 1897. Catalogue of the Collection of Arabic Coins Preserved in the Khedivial Library at Cairo. London.

Langlois V. 1859. Numismatique des Arabes avant l'islamisme. Paris.

Laperrousaz E.-M. 1989. L’etablissement de Qoumrân près de la Mer Morte: forteresse ou couvent? Eretz Israel 20:118*–123*.

Lapp N.L. 1985. The Stratum V Pottery from Balâtah (Shechem). BASOR 257:19–43.

Lapp N.L. 1989. Cylinder Seals and Impressions of the Third Millennium B.C. from the Dead Sea Plain. BASOR 273:1–15.

Lapp N. 2003. Cylinder Seals, Impressions, and Incised Sherds. In W.E. Rast and R.T. Schaub. Bâb edh-Dhrâc: Excavations at the Town Site (1975–1981) 1: Text (Reports of the Expedition to the Dead Sea Plain, Jordan 2). Winona Lake. Pp. 522– 565.

Lapp N.L. 2008. Shechem IV: The Persian–Hellenistic Pottery of Shechem/Tell Balâtah (ASOR Archaeological Reports 11). Boston.

Lapp P. 1968. Bethel Pottery of the Late Hellenistic and Early Roman Periods. In J.L. Kelso. The Excavation of Bethel (1934–1960) (AASOR 39). Cambridge, Mass. Pp. 77–80.

Lapp P. and Lapp N. 1968. Iron II—Hellenistic Pottery Groups. In O.R. Sellers, R.W. Funk, J.L. McKenzie, P. Lapp and N. Lapp. The 1957 Excavation at Beth-Zur (AASOR 38). Cambridge, Mass. Pp. 54–79.

Lapp P.W. 1960. Late Royal Seals from Judah. BASOR 158:11–22.

Lapp P.W. 1961. Palestinian Ceramic Chronology 200 B.C.−A.D. 70. New Haven.

Lapp P.W. 1963. Ptolemaic Stamped Handles from Judah. BASOR 172:22–35.

Lapp P.W. 1964. The 1963 Excavation at Ta‘annek. BASOR 173:4–44.

Lapp P.W. 1966. The Dhahr Mirzbâneh Tombs: Three Intermediate Bronze Age Cemeteries in Jordan (ASOR Publications of the Jerusalem School 4). New Haven.

Lapp P.W. 1967. The 1966 Excavations at Tell Ta‘annek. BASOR 185:2–39.

Lapp P.W. 1968. Bâb edh-Dhrâ‘ Tomb A 76 and Early Bronze I in Palestine. BASOR 189:12–41.

Lapp P.W. 1969. The 1968 Excavations at Tell Ta‘annek. BASOR 195:2–49.

Lapp P.W. 1970. The Pottery of Palestine in the Persian Period. In A. Kuschke and E. Kutsch eds. Festschrift für Kurt Galling (Archäologie und Altes Testament). Tübingen. Pp. 179–197.

Lapp P.W. and Lapp N.L. eds. 1974. Discoveries in the Wâdī ed-Dâliyeh (AASOR 41). Cambridge, Mass.

Lass E.H.E. 2003. An Early Bronze Age IB Burial Cave and a Byzantine Farm at Horbat Hani (Khirbet Burj el-Haniya) (West). ‘Atiqot 44:1–51.

Lavoix H. 1896. Catalogue des monnaies musulmanes de la Bibliothèque nationale: Égypte et Syrie. Paris.

Le Mort F. and Rabinovich R. 2002. Taphonomy and Mortuary Practices. In Y. Goren and P. Fabian Kissufim Road: A Chalcolithic Mortuary Site (IAA Reports 16). Jerusalem. Pp. 66–81.

Lederman Z. 1999. An Early Iron Age Village at Khirbet Raddana: The Excavations of Joseph A. Callaway. Ph.D. diss. Harvard University. Cambridge, Mass.

Lederman Z. and Aviam M. 1997. Rock-Cut Tombs from the Byzantine Period in the Tefen Region. ‘Atiqot 33: 137–149 (Hebrew; English summary, pp. 18*–19*).

Lederman Z. and Finkelstein I. 1993. Area D: Middle Bronze Age Stone and Earth Works, Late Bronze Age Dumped Debris and Iron Age I Silos. In I. Finkelstein, S. Bunimovitz and Z. Lederman eds. Shiloh: The Archaeology of a Biblical Site (Monograph Series of the Institute of Archaeology of Tel Aviv University 10). Tel Aviv. Pp. 35–48.

Lehmann G. 1998. Trends in the Local Pottery Development of the Late Iron Age and Persian Period in Syria and Lebanon, ca. 700 to 300 B.C. BASOR 311:7–37.

Lehmann G. 2005. Al Mina and the East: A Report on Research in Progress. In A. Villing ed. The Greeks in the East (British Museum Research Publication 157). London. Pp. 61–92.

Lemaire A. 1975. MMŠT=Amwas, vers la solution d’une énigme de l’épigraphie hébraïque. RB 82:15–23.

Lemaire A. 1977. Inscriptions hébraïques I: les ostraca. Paris.

Lemaire A. 1978. Les ostraca paléo-hébreux des fouilles de l’Ophel. Levant 10:158–161.

Lemaire A. 1981. Classification des estampilles royales judéennes. Eretz Israel 15:54*–60*.

Lemaire A. 1985. Note sur deux tesson inscrits. In A.D. Tushingham. Excavations in Jerusalem 1961–1967 I. Toronto. P. 251.

Lemaire A. 1996. Nouvelles inscriptions araméennes d’Idumée au Musée d’Israël (Transeuphratène Supplément 3). Paris.

Lemaire A. 1999. Der Beitrag idumäischer Ostraka zur Geschichte Palästinas im Übergang von der persischen zur hellenistischen Zeit. ZDPV 115:12–23.

Lemaire A. 2003. Nabonidus in Arabia and Judah in the Neo-Babylonian Period. In O. Lipschits and J. Blenkinsopp eds. Judah and the Judean in the Neo- Babylonian Period. Winona Lake. Pp. 285–298.

Lender Y. 1990. Map of Har Nafha (196) (Archaeological Survey of Israel). Jerusalem.

Leonard A. Jr. 1989. A Chalcolithic “Fine Ware” from Kataret Es-Samra in the Jordan Valley. BASOR 276:3–14.

Leonard A. Jr. 1992. The Jordan Valley Survey, 1953: Some Unpublished Soundings Conducted by James Mellaart (AASOR 50). Winona Lake.

Lernau O. 2002. Fish Bones. In A. Kempinski. Tel Kabri: The 1986–1993 Excavation Seasons (Monograph Series of the Institute of Archaeology of Tel Aviv University 20). Tel Aviv. Pp. 409–427.

Lernau O. 2004. Fish Remains from Early Bronze Age Ashqelon, Afridar. ‘Atiqot 45:299–303.

Lesko L.H. 1997. Egyptian Wine Production during the New Kingdom. In P.E. McGovern, S.J. Fleming and S.H. Katz eds. The Origins and Ancient History of Wine. Amsterdam. Pp. 215–230.

Lester A. 1996. The Glass from Yoqne‘am: The Early Islamic, Crusader, and Mamluk Periods. In A. Ben-Tor, M. Avissar, and Y. Portugali. Yoqne‘am I: The Late Periods (Qedem Reports 3). Pp. 202–217.

Lester A. 1998. The Cut-Decorated Glass from Tiberias Excavations, 1973/4. Typological and Chronological Views. M.A. thesis. The Hebrew University. Jerusalem (Hebrew).

Lester A. 2003. Glass Bottles and Vials from Tiberias. Annales du 15e congrès de l’association internationale pour l’histoire du verre, New York—Corning 2001. Nottingham. Pp. 158–164.

Levine L.I. 1975. Roman Caesarea: An Archaeological-Topographical Study (Qedem 2). Jerusalem.

Levine L.I. and Mazar A. eds. 2001. The Controversy over the Historicity of the Bible. Jerusalem (Hebrew).

Levine L.I. ed. 1981. Ancient Synagogues Revealed. Jerusalem.

Levine L.I. ed. 1982. Ancient Synagogues Revealed. Jerusalem—Detroit.

Levine T. 2003. Pottery and Small Finds from Subterranean Complex 44. In A. Kloner. Maresha Excavations Final Report I: Subterranean Complexes 21, 44, 70 (IAA Reports 17). Jerusalem. Pp. 131–135.

Levine T. 2003. Pottery and Small Finds from Subterranean Complexes 21 and 70. In A. Kloner. Maresha Excavations Final Report I: Subterranean Complexes 21, 44, 70 (IAA Reports 17). Jerusalem. Pp. 73–130.

Levy S. 1960. The Ancient Synagogue at Maon (Nirim): A Preliminary Report. Eretz Israel 6:77–82 (Hebrew; English summary, p. 29*).

Levy S. and Edelstein G. 1972. Cinq années de fouilles à Tel ‘Amal (Nir David). RB 79:325–367.

Levy S. and Mitchell H.W. 1965–1966. A Hoard of Gold Dinars from Ramlah. INJ 3:37–66.

Levy T.E. 1986. Social Archaeology and the Chalcolithic Period: Explaining Social Organizational Change during the 4th Millennium in Israel. Michmanim 3:5–20.

Levy T.E. 1995. Cult, Metallurgy and Rank Societies—Chalcolithic Period (ca. 4500–3500 BCE). In T.E. Levy ed. The Archaeology of Society in The Holy Land. London. Pp. 226–244.

Levy T.E. and Alon D. 1981–3. The Chalcolithic Mortuary Site near Mezad Aluf, Northern Negev Desert: Third Preliminary Report, 1982 Season. In W.E. Rast ed. Preliminary Reports of ASOR-Sponsored Excavations 1981–83 (BASOR Supplement 23). Winona Lake. Pp. 121–135.

Levy T.E. and Alon D. 1982. The Chalcolithic Mortuary Site near Mezad Aluf, Northern Negev Desert: A Preliminary Study. BASOR 248:37–59.

Levy T.E. and Alon D. 1985. Shiqmim: A Chalcolithic Village and Mortuary Centre in the Northern Negev. Paléorient 11/1:71–83.

Levy T.E. ed. 1987. Shiqmim I: Studies Concerning Chalcolithic Societies in the Northern Negev Desert, Israel (1982–1984) (BAR Int. S. 356:i). Oxford.

Levy T.E. ed. 1995. The Archaeology of Society in the Holy Land. London.

Levy T.E. ed. 1995. The Archaeology of Society in the Holy Land. London—Washington, D.C.

Levy T.E. ed. 1995. The Archaeology of Society in the Holy Land. New York.

Levy T.E. ed. 2006. Archaeology, Anthropology and Cult: The Sanctuary at Gilat, Israel (Approaches to Anthropological Archaeology). London and Oakville, Conn.

Levy T.E., Adams R.B., Hauptmann A., Prangle M., Schmitt-Strecker S. and Najjar M. 2002. Early Bronze Age Metallurgy. A Newly Discovered Copper Manufactory in Southern Jordan. Antiquity 76:425–437.

Levy T.E., Adams R.B., Najjar M., Hauptmann A., Anderson J.D., Brandl B., Robinson M.A. and Higham T. 2004. Reassessing the Chronology of Biblical Edom: New Excavations and 14C Dates from Khirbat en-Nahas (Jordan). Antiquity 78:865–879.

Levy T.E., Adams R.B., Witten A.J., Anderson J., Arbel Y., Kuah S., Moreno J., Li A. and Waggoner M. 2001. Early Metallurgy, Interaction, and Social Change. The Jabal Hamrat Fīdān (Jordan). Research Design and 1998 Archaeological Survey: Preliminary Report. ADAJ 45:159–187.

Levy T.E., Adams R.B. and Shafiq R. 1999. The Jabal Hamrat Fidan Project: Excavations at the Wadi Fidan 40 Cemetery, Jordan (1997). Levant 31:293–308.

Levy T.E., Alon D., Smith P., Yekutieli Y., Rowan Y., Goldberg P., Porat N., van den Brink E.C.M., Witten A.J., Golden J., Grigson C., Kansa E., Dawson L., Holl A., Moreno J. and Kersel M. 1997. Egyptian-Canaanite Interaction at Nahal Tillah, Israel (ca. 4500–3000 B.C.E.): An Interim Report on the 1994–1995 Excavations. BASOR 307:1–51.

Levy Y. 2005. The Necropolis of the Middle Bronze Age IIA–B Period from the Area of the Rishon LeZion Sands. In M. Fischer ed. Yavneh, Yavneh-Yam and Their Neighborhood: Studies in the Archaeology and History of the Judean Coastal Plain. Tel Aviv (Hebrew). Pp. 59–68.

Levy Y., Peilstöcker M. and Ginzburg A. 2004. An Iron Age Fortress in the Sand Dunes of Rishon Letzion. Qadmoniot 37 (128):92–94 (Hebrew).

Lev-Yadun S. and Gophna R. 1992. Exportation of Plant Products from Canaan to Egypt in the Early Bronze Age I: A Rejoinder to William A. Ward. BASOR 287:89–90.

Lidzbarski M. 1909. An Old Hebrew Calendar-Inscription from Gezer. PEFQSt:26–34.

Lidzbarski M. 1909. The Old Hebrew Calendar-Inscription from Gezer. PEFQSt:194–195.

Lieberman-Wander R., Tatcher A. and Muqari A. 1999. Graves of the Hellenistic Period on the ‘Akko Seashore. ‘Atiqot 37:169–173 (Hebrew; English summary, p. 178*).

Liebowitz H.A. 2003. Tel Yin’am I: The Late Bronze Age. Excavations at Tel Yin’am 1976–1989 (Texas Archaeological Research Laboratory Studies in Archaeology 42). Austin.

Lightfoot C. S. 1989. A Catalogue of Glass Vessels in Afyon Museum: Afyon Müzesindeki Cam Eserler Kataloğu (BAR Int. S. 530). Oxford.

Lightfoot C. S. 1993. Some Examples of Ancient Cast and Ribbed Bowls in Turkey. JGS 35:22–38.

Linder E. 1973. A Cargo of Phoenicio-Punic Figurines. Archaeology 26:182–187.

Linder E. and Kahanov Y. 2003. The Ma‘agan Mikhael Ship: The Recovery of a 2400-Year-Old Merchantman: Final Report I. Haifa.

Lindner M. and Farajat S. 1987. An Edomite Montain Stronghold North of Petra (Ba‘ja III). ADAJ 31:175–185.

Lindner M., Farajat S. and Zeitler J.P. 1988. Es-Sadeh: An Important Edomite-Nabataean Site in Southern Jordan: A Preliminary Report. ADAJ 32:75–99.

Lindner M., Knauf E.A., Hübl J. and Zeitler J.P. 1997. An Iron Age (Edomite) Occupation of Jabal Al-Khubtha (Petra) and Other Discoveries of the “Mountain of Treachery and Deceit.” ADAJ 41:177–188.

Lindsay J. 1974. The Babylonian Kings and Edom, 605–550 B.C. PEQ 108:23–39.

Liphschitz N. 1989. Plant Economy and Diet in the Early Bronze Age in Israel: A Summary of Present Research. In P. de Miroschedji ed. L’urbanisation de la Palestine à ľâge du Bronze ancien: bilan et perspectives des recherches actuelles; Actes du Colloque d’Emmaüs (20–24 octobre 1986) (BAR Int. S. 527). Oxford. Pp. 269–277. *

Liphschitz N. 1989. The Use of Fruit Trees as Construction Material in Ancient Israel. Archaeology 2:65–70 (Hebrew).

Liphschitz N. 1992. Dendroarchaeological Investigation. In A. Kempinski and W.-D. Niemeier eds. Excavations at Kabri 6: Prelimary Report of 1991 Season. Tel Aviv. Pp. 25–32 (Hebrew; English summary, p. 7*).

Liphschitz N. 1994. Wood Remains. In J. Aviram, G. Foerster and E. Netzer eds. Masada IV: The Yigael Yadin Excavations 1963–1965 Final Reports. Jerusalem. Pp. 319–346.

Liphschitz N. 1995. The Ecology of ‘En Besor Oasis: The Archaeobotanical Remains from the 4th Millennium BC. In R. Gophna. Excavations at ‘En Besor. Tel Aviv. Pp. 229–233.

Liphschitz N. 1996. Analysis of Botanical Remains from Tel Dalit. In R. Gophna. Excavations at Tel Dalit: An Early Bronze Age Walled Town in Central Israel. Tel Aviv. Pp. 186–192.

Liphschitz N. 1996. Olives in Ancient Israel in View of Dendroarchaeological Investigations. In D. Eitam and M. Heltzer eds. Olive Oil in Antiquity: Israel and Neighbouring Countries from the Neolithic to the Early Arab Period (History of the Ancient Near East Studies 7). Padua. Pp. 7–14.

Liphschitz N. 2000. Archaeobotanical Remains. In M. Kochavi. Aphek-Antipatris I: Excavations of Areas A and B: The 1972–1976 Seasons (Monograph Series of the Institute of Archaeology of Tel Aviv University 19). Tel Aviv. Pp. 315–320.

Liphschitz N. 2001. Archaeobotanical Remains from ‘Uvda Valley Site 917. ‘Atiqot 42:129–131.

Liphschitz N. 2004. Archaeobotanical Remains from Ashqelon, Afridar. ‘Atiqot 45:305–310.

Liphschitz N. and Waisel Y. 1973. Dendroarchaeological Investigations in Israel (Tel Beersheba and Arad in the Northern and Eastern Negev). IEJ 23:30–36.

Liphschitz N. and Waisel Y. 1980. Dendroarchaeological Investigations in Israel (Taanach). IEJ 30:132–136.

Liphschitz N., Gophna R. and Lev-Yadun S. 1989. Man’s Impact on the Vegetational Landscape of Israel in the EB II–III. In P. de Miroschedji ed. L’urbanisation de la Palestine à ľâge du Bronze ancien: bilan et perspectives des recherches actuelles; Actes du Colloque d’Emmaüs (20–24 octobre 1986) (BAR Int. S. 527). Oxford. Pp. 263–268. *

Liphschitz N., Gophna R., Bonani G. and Feldstein A. 1996. Wild Olive (Olea Europaea) Stones from a Chalcolithic Cave at Shoham, Israel and Their Implications. Tel Aviv 23:135–142.

Lipman V. D. 1988. The Origins of the Palestine Exploration Fund. PEQ 120:45–54.

Lipschits O. 1999. The History of the Benjaminite Region under Babylonian Rule. Zion 64:271–310 (Hebrew; English summary, p. XX).

Lipschits O. 2003. Demographic Changes in Judah between the Seventh and the Fifth Centuries B.C.E. In O. Lipschits and J. Blenkinsopp eds. Judah and the Judeans in the Neo-Babylonian Period. Winona Lake. Pp. 323–376.

Lipschits O. 2004. The Rural Settlement of Judah in the Sixth Century B.C.E.: A Rejoinder. PEQ 136:99–108.

Lipschits O. 2005. The Fall and Rise of Jerusalem: Judah under Babylonian Rule. Winona Lake.

Lipschits O. and Blenkinsopp eds. 2003. Judah and the Judeans in the Neo-Babylonian Period. Winona Lake.

Lipschits O. and Oeming M. eds. 2006. Judah and the Judeans in the Fifth Century B.C.E. Winona Lake.

Lipschits O., Knoppers G.N. and Albertz R. eds. 2007. Judah and the Judeans in the Fourth Century B.C.E. Winona Lake.

Liver J. 1958. The Return from Babylon, Its Time and Scope. Eretz Israel 5:114–119. Jerusalem (Hebrew; English summary, p. 90*).

Loffreda S. 1972. The Synagogue of Capharnaum: Archaeological Evidence for Its Late Chronology. LA 22:5–29.

Loffreda S. 1974. Cafarnao II: La Ceramica (Publication of the Studium Biblicum Franciscanum 19). Jerusalem.

Loffreda S. 1979. Potsherds from a Sealed Level of the Synagogue at Capharnaum. LA 29: 215–220.

Loffreda S. 1981. The Late Chronology of the Synagogue of Capernaum. In L.I. Levine ed. Ancient Synagogues Revealed. Jerusalem. Pp. 52–56.

Loffreda S. 1982. Documentazione preliminare degli oggetti della XIV campagna di scavi a Cafarnao. LA 32:409–426.

Loffreda S. 1983. Nuovi contributi di Cafarnao per la ceramologia palestinense. LA 33:347–372.

Loffreda S. 1990. The Greek Inscriptions on the Byzantine Lamps from the Holy Land. In G.C. Bottini, L. di Segni and E. Alliata eds. Christian Archaeology in the Holy Land: New Discoveries—Essays in Honour of Virgilio C. Corbo, OFM (Studium Biblicum Franciscanum Collectio Maior 36). Jerusalem. Pp. 475–500.

Loffreda S. 1996. La ceramica di Macheronte e dell’Herodion (90 a.C.–135 d.C.). Jerusalem.

London G. 1988. The Organization of the Early Bronze II and III Ceramics Industry at Tel Yarmuth: A Preliminary Report. In P. de Miroschedji ed. Yarmouth 1: Rapport sur les trois premières campagnes de fouilles à Tel Yarmouth (Israël) (1980–1982) (Éditions Recherche sur les Civilisations Mémoire 76). Paris. Pp. 117–124.

London G. 1989. A Comparison of Two Contemporaneous Lifestyles of the Late Second Millennium B.C. BASOR 273:37–55.

London G.A. 1991. Aspects of Early Bronze and Late Iron Age Ceramic Technology at Tell el-‘Umeiri. In L.G. Herr, L.T. Geratry, Ø.S. LaBianca and R.W. Younker eds. Madaba Plains Projects 2: The 1987 Season at Tell ‘Umeiri and Vicinity and Subsequent Studies. Berrien Springs, Mich. Pp. 383–419.

London G.A. 1992. Tells: City Center or Home? Eretz Israel 23:71*–79*.

London G.A. and Sinclair M. 1991. An Ethnographical Survey of Potters in Jordan. In L.G. Herr, L.T. Geratry, Ø.S. LaBianca and R.W. Younker eds. Madaba Plains Project: The 1987 Season at Tell el-‘Umeiri and Vicinity and Subsequent Studies. Berrien Springs, Mich. Pp. 420–439.

Loud G. 1939. The Megiddo Ivories (OIP 52). Chicago.

Loud G. 1948. Megiddo II: Seasons of 1935–39 (OIP 62). Chicago.

LRBC I: P.V. Hill and J.P.C. Kent. Part I: The Bronze Coinage of the House of Constantine, A.D. 324–46. In Late Roman Bronze Coinage A.D. 324–498. London 1965. Pp. 4–40.

LRBC II: R.A.G. Carson and J.P.C. Kent. Part II: Bronze Roman Imperial Coinage of the Later Empire, A.D. 346–498. In Late Roman Bronze Coinage A.D. 324–498. London 1965. Pp. 41–114.

Lucas A. and Harris J.R. 1962. Ancient Egyptian Materials and Industries (4th ed.). London.

LuffmanYedlowski N. and Adovasio J.M. 1989. Perishable Artifacts from Bâb edh-Dhrâc. In R.T. Schaub and W.E. Rast. Bâb edh-Dhrâc: Excavations in the Cemetery Directed by Paul W. Lapp (1965–67) (Reports of the Expedition to the Dead Sea Plain, Jordan 1). Winona Lake. Pp. 521–543.

Lupu A. 1973. Metallurgical Analysis and Manufacture of the Iron Plough-Share. In Y. Aharoni ed. Beer-Sheba I: Excavations at Tel Beer-Sheba 1969–1971 Seasons (Publications of the Institute of Archaeology of Tel Aviv University 2). Tel Aviv. Pp. 45–46.

Luttwak E.N. 1976. The Grand Strategy of the Roman Empire from the First Century A.D. to the Third. Baltimore and London.

Luttwak E.N. 1984. The Grand Strategy of the Roman Empire from the First Century A.D. to the Third. Baltimore.

Luttwak E.N. 1999. The Grand Strategy of the Roman Empire from the First Century A.D. to the Third. London.

Luz N. 1996. Umayyad Ramleh: Urban Renewal in Palestine―Geo-Historical Aspects. Cathedra 79:22-52 (Hebrew; English abstract, p. 203).

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