Scholarly Bibliographies Available Online: Near East and Egypt

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This page is used for collecting links to existing open-access bibliographies that fit the scope of the project. Please email additional suggestions to pacheson at Thanks!

If you'd like to add items yourself, feel free to edit the wiki. Format of entries is suggested:

  • Title (usually taken from the page itself, unless that is nonexistent or obscure).
  • Link (include text of url and the wiki will automatically hotlink it).
  • Author (individual or corporate, with academic affiliation if appropriate).
  • Last update date (if available; if not I try to note how late items in the bibliography go).
  • Description. Things to note include the audience (some bibliographies specifically target undergraduates or the general public), what sorts of resources are listed (books, articles, web sites, scholarly or popular?), if there is a focus on resources in a specific language, if there are annotations, if the bibliography is structured with sub-headings and examples of them, etc.

The categories are ad-hoc at the moment and may change as the project develops a robust classification scheme for subjects.


Near East – General

Chroniques Assyriologiques

The Melammu Project: The Intellectual Heritage of Assyria and Babylonia in East and West

Paléorient: prehistoire et proto-histoire de L’Asie du Sud-Ouest

Bibliography for Ancient Near Eastern Hell

  • Eileen Gardiner, American Council of Learned Societies.
  • Last updated 2008.
  • This site contains a series of bibliographies on ancient conceptions of hell. Most include sections on primary sources and secondary studies. The Bibliography for Jewish and Christian Hells is by far the most detailed and lengthy; the others are quite short. Most works are in English, but there are a few in other languages.

Near Eastern History

Knowledge and Power in the Neo-Assyrian Empire

  • Karen Radner, University College London, and Eleanor Robson, Cambridge
  • 2007.
  • Extensive bibliography, with many links to downloads of English-language works on Neo-Assyrian history, politics and scholarship suitable for undergraduate teaching.

Near Eastern Language

A Bibliography of Ugaritic Grammar and Biblical Hebrew Grammar in the Twentieth Century

A bibliography of Semitic Linguistics (1940-2000)

Newsletter for Targumic and Cognate Studies, Bibliography

Kritische Bibliographie der Lexikographie des Hethitischen

Neo-Sumerian Bibliography (BDTNS)

Near Eastern Texts

Bibliography of the Cuneiform Texts and Inscriptions kept in Syrian Museums

  • Syrian Digital Library of Cuneiform, a project of multiple academic and civic institutions.
  • No last update date; citations include works as recent as 2009.
  • The bibliography is organized by archaeological site (there are 37) with notes on what periods were excavated, what museum the materials are currently stored in, and citations to scholarly reports, as well as links to existing project web sites. The entire website is also available in French and Arabic.

Corpus of Ancient Mesopotamian Scholarship Bibliography

  • The Geography of Knowledge in Assyria and Babylonia, based at the University of Cambridge and funded by the UK Arts and Humanities Research Council
  • May 2011
  • This bibliography of over 200 editions and commentaries on first-millennium works of cuneiform scholarship also gives access to the texts edited in the Corpus of Ancient Mesopotamian Scholarship. Project members, past and present: Marie-Françoise Besnier, Philippe Clancier, Graham Cunningham, Frances Reynolds, Eleanor Robson, Steve Tinney, and Greta Van Buylaere. Released under a Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike license.

Nuzi, Arrapha, Tell al-Fahhar: Publication des textes datant du Bronze Récent

The Neo-Punic Inscriptions and Coin Legends

Near Eastern Mathematics and Astronomy

Bibliography of Mesopotamian Mathematics

  • Eleanor Robson, History and Philosophy of Science, Cambridge
  • Last updated 1997.
  • Selected bibliography organized by topics, including overviews and texts, pre-Old Babylonian math, etc. Omits works not in French, German, or English.

Bibliography of Mesopotamian Mathematics

  • Duncan J. Melville, Dept. of Mathematics, St. Lawrence University (New York State)
  • Last updated January 19, 2011.
  • This comprehensive bibliography is arranged alphabetically and includes works in all languages, including Italian and Russian.

Bibliography of Mesopotamian Astronomy and Astrology

  • R. H. van Gent, Institute for History and Foundations of Science, Utrecht University
  • Copyright date 2004, but listed as "under construction."
  • This comprehensive bibliography is divided into sections including primary sources, astral mythology, lunar & solar motions, and more. *It includes books and scholarly articles in all languages; there are some incomplete citations which are highlighted in yellow.

Near Eastern Archaeology


Bibliography for Near Eastern Terracottas


Herodianische Architektur. Eine Bibliographie

Archaeological Sites

The West Bank and East Jerusalem Searchable Map (Archaeological Sites)

  • Work of the Israeli-Palestinian Archaeology Working Group, hosted by the University of Southern California.
  • Updated as of November, 2010, with future updates projected.
  • Linked from the home page of the project is a 52-page bibliography, aimed at being comprehensive, of archaeological publications covering work in the area from 1967-present.

Archaeological Bibliography: Israel

  • Archaeological Bibliography (Israel)
  • Sam Wolff, Israel Antiquities Authority
  • Last updated December 2008.
  • This extremely lengthy bibliography (a 387-page Word document) on archaeology in Israel is arranged alphabetically by author and does not include Hebrew titles. An introductory note gives more detail on what is included and the formatting of the entries.

Bibliografía de los estudios de Emar


Archaeobotanical reports from sites in the Near East

  • Naomi F. Miller, University of Pennsylvania Museum
  • Last updated January 2011.
  • Botanical reports from archaeological sites from a wide area, including Syria, Turkey, Iran, Iraq, Central Asia, and the Levant.There is also a site index.

Area or Cultural Studies


Hethitische Bibliographie

Nabatean Studies

BNS – The Bulletin of Nabataean Studies - Bibliography

  • Bulletin of Nabatean Studies, Association for the Understanding of Ancient Cultures, Basel.
  • Copyrighted 2011; no last update date.
  • This 1644 item bibliography includes books and articles in multiple languages, and is searchable by author, title/subtitle, and year. A complete list can also be produced.

Nabatean Numismatic Bibliography A to Z


Annotated Parthia Bibliography

Egypt, General

Aigyptos, a searchable bibliography on Egyptology

Literaturdatenbank des Instituts für Ägyptologie und Koptologie der Westfälischen Wilhelms-Universität Münster

  • Erhart Graefe, Institut für Ägyptologie und Koptologie, Westfälischen Wilhelms-Universität Münster
  • Currently updated.
  • A searchable bibliographic database of 66,500 items, of which 85% are searchable by keywords added when entries were added to the database. The database includes monographs and articles in multiple languages in the collection of the Institute, and is most complete from 1987-present.

Selected Bibliography for Ancient Egypt

  • Unattributed, Department of Egyptian and Western Asian Studies, Brown University
  • No last update date; latest items in bibliography are 2002.
  • Intended as a starting point for English-language students and the general public, this bibliography focuses on books published in the 1980s and 1990s, divided into sub-topics (art, heirogylphs, daily life, pharaohs).

Society for the Study of Egyptian Antiquities: Recommended Reading

  • Society for the Study of Egyptian Antiquities, unattributed.
  • No last update date.
  • Aimed at the general reader, these are short lists of monographs in English on a variety of subjects: A Few Good Books About Egyptian Temples, Ancient Egyptian Religion and Mythology, Arts and Crafts of Ancient Egypt, From Ramesses to Cleopatra, Hatshepsut: A Brief Bibliography, Reading Egyptian Hieroglyphs.

University of Heidelberg Library

  • Recent acquisitions is updated monthly; other sections are actively being updated (2011).
  • The main link above includes sub-links to recent acquisitions at the library, a digital library of full-text scholarly resources in Egyptology from the 16th-early 20th centuries, and cross-references to resources like Propylaeum for Classical Studies, also hosted at Heidelberg.

Medjay Bibliography

Bibliography for Egyptian Hell

  • Eileen Gardiner, American Council of Learned Societies.
  • Last updated 2008.
  • This site contains a series of bibliographies on ancient conceptions of hell. Most include sections on primary sources and secondary studies. The Bibliography for Jewish and Christian Hells is by far the most detailed and lengthy; the others are quite short. Most works are in English, but there are a few in other languages.

Egyptian Archaeology

Les Temples de Karnak: bibliographie provisoire.

Giza Digital Library, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

Medinet Madi: Bibliography

Bibliography of Theban West Bank Archaeological Sites (Theban Mapping Project)

Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Statues, Reliefs, and Paintings

Das Edfu-Projekt: Bibliothek

  • Multiple contributors, Archäologisches Institut der Universität Hamburg.
  • No last update date, but seems to be currently maintained; 2008 citations are included.
  • Includes articles, books, and book chapters in many European languages. Offers links to full-text online (open access in many cases; some require subscription through an institution).

A Systematic Bibliography on Deir el-Medîna

  • R.J. Demarée, B.J.J. Haring, W. Hovestreydt and L.M.J. Zonhoven, Universiteit Leiden
  • Updated December, 2007.
  • An alphabetically arranged list of citations related to the non-literary texts from Deir el-Medina (and the site generally), with books and monographs in multiple languages. Works are classified into various topical categories (i.e. Papyri, Ostraka, Grammar, Juridical Aspects).

Egypt, Language and Literature

Glyphs and Grammars Part I: Resources for beginners

  • A. K. Eyma, Independent Researcher.
  • Last updated November 7, 2010.
  • An annotated bibliography of resources (mainly books and web sites) for learning hierogylphs and grammar at the introductory level, with resources available in multiple modern languages.

Glyphs and Grammars Part II: Advanced resources

  • A. K. Eyma and Michael Tilgner.
  • Last updated December 8, 2010.
  • An annotated bibliography of resources, mainly books and web sites, in multiple modern languages, for learning Egyptian, including subtopics Old Egyptian, Late Egyptian, Demotic, Hieratic, Ptolemaic, Coptic, and Vocalization.

The EEF Guide to Internet Resources for Ancient Egyptian Texts

Selected Bibliography of the Coptic Language

Literaturverzeichnis zu der Erzählung des Sinuhe

Bibliography on Papyrus Egerton 2

Demotistische Literaturübersicht

  • M. Depauw & F. Hoffmann, Trismegistos
  • Currently updated.
  • Searchable, comprehensive bibliography of Demotic Studies, appearing annually in the journal Enchoria since 1971.

Time and Space in Ancient Egyptian and General Linguistics


Advanced Papyrological Information System (APIS)

Berichtigungsliste der Griechischen Papyrusurkunden aus Ägypten (BL)

  • This series collects and publishes proposed emendations to texts and dating. Each entry gives the bibliographic information of the proposal and prints a new text if the proposed changes are substantial enough. To find whether a text has been commented upon in the BL, check the HGV entry. The DDbDP has incorporated some BL entries into its apparatus.

Checklist of Editions of Greek, Latin, Demotic, and Coptic Papyri, Ostraca, and Tablets

  • This gives the full bibliographic information for editions of texts and the standard abbreviation (e.g., P.Oxy.) that should be used when citing papyri published in volumes (or collected in the Sammelbuch). "See P.Oxy. XXI 2288.1" means the word or phrase cited can be found in volume 21 of The Oxyrhynchus Papyri, text 2288, line 1. Some authors will format the citation slightly differently, but nearly all now use these standard abbreviated volume names, though some publications, especially older ones, will use slightly different abbreviations. The Checklist also provides a list of periodicals that cater to papyrological publications and gives the abbreviated form of the journal name, which is useful for looking up citations, and which should be followed when citing these journals.

The Duke Data Bank of Documentary Papyri (DDbDP)

Ethnic Identity in Graeco-Roman Egypt

  • Elisabeth R. O’Connell, Center for Tebtunis Papyri, University of California, Berkeley.
  • No last updated date; was developed to accompany a 2004 lecture.
  • Bibliography includes books and articles in several languages; there are sub-sections including religion, language, and personal names and families.

Heidelberger Gesamtverzeichnis der griechischen Papyrusurkunden Ägyptens (HGV)

  • This is a database that provides a host of "metadata" (additional, contextual information) about the published documentary texts from Egypt. Each entry contains the most up-to-date information on the dating and origin of the text, references to any BL entries, a link to the text in the PN, and a link to the image if available, among other information. There is a help guide on using the database.

  • A papyrologist's second home. collects textual data from the DDbDP, metadata from the HGV, and any digital image(s) to give the most complete information about a published papyrus, and even some unpublished papyri (through APIS). The Papyrological Navigator (PN) allows one to search the entire corpus of the DDbDP. A new feature is the option to suggest emendations to DDbDP texts through the "Papyrological Editor" (link on front page of

The Papyrus Carlsburg Collection

Sammelbuch griechischer Urkunden aus Aegypten (SB)

  • This series collects documentary Greek texts from Egypt that are published in journals. Each numbered entry gives: the writing material, the type of document, the bibliographic information of the text, its holding information with inventory number, the origin of the text, its date, and finally the text of the document itself. Usually the entry simply re-publishes what is found in the editio princeps, but sometimes the editors will propose changes to the date or text, which will be noted. Like any publication, there are errors in the SB, and the date should always be checked in the HGV, while in regards to the text one should check the BL for any further proposed emendations.

A Select Bibliography of Papyrology

  • Traianos Gagos, Library and Dept. of Classical Studies, University of Michigan.
  • Copyrighted 1/11/96 but web page last update is 8/1/09; works seem to be pre-1996.
  • This is described as an introductory bibliography, broken out by areas of interest (abbreviations, chronology, epistolography, editions). Coverage is international and includes books and articles.

Specialized Bibliography on Early Roman Alexandria and Its Papyri Papyrological Bibliography

TM Bibliography

  • M. Depauw, Trismegistos
  • Currently updated (2011).
  • A searchable bibliography complementing the Trismegistos Texts, a set of papyrological and epigraphical resources dealing with Egypt and the Nile valley between roughly 800 BC and AD 800.

Biblical Studies

Zotero Bibliographies on Biblical Studies

Bibliography of Bernhard Weiss (1827 – 1918)

New Testament Interpretation: Bookshelf

  • David Stark, Biblical Studies, Southeastern Baptist Theological Society
  • Currently being updated.
  • Exclusively books, many in English but European languages are represented also. Subcategories include Early Christianity, Gospels, *New Testament Greek, Paul.

Paul and Scripture Bibliograpy

  • Paul and Scripture Seminar of the Society for Biblical Literature, maintained by Christopher Stanley and Bruce Fisk.
  • Currently being updated.
  • A searchable bibliography currently containing ca. 400 items, including books and articles in multiple languages.

Prophecy and Apocalyptic: An Annotated Bibliography

Bibliography for Jewish and Christian Hells

  • Eileen Gardiner, American Council of Learned Societies.
  • Last updated 2008.
  • This site contains a series of bibliographies on ancient conceptions of hell. Most include sections on primary sources and secondary studies. The Bibliography for Jewish and Christian Hells is by far the most detailed and lengthy; the others are quite short. Most works are in English, but there are a few in other languages.
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